Top 9 things to do in Prague

Top 9 Things to do in Prague

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is often referred to as the “City of 100 Spires” and is one of the world’s most beautiful cities. With a rich history, magnificent Gothic architecture and home to some of the world’s best beer, a visit to Prague should not be left off your European holiday itinerary.
With so much to see and do, catering for most interests, we recommend spending at least three nights in this spectacular city. Be sure to pack your comfortable shoes though as this city is best explored on foot. Here’s how to best spend your time with our top nine things to do in Prague.

1. Explore the Old Town Square

One of the highlights of your visit to Prague is the Old Town Square. Founded in the 12th century, this historic square named Staroměstské náměstí is the oldest square in Prague and the lifeblood of the city. Here you can admire the Town Hall with the breathtaking Astronomical Clock, the Baroque Church of St. Nicholas with its beautiful stucco décor and marble altar and The Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn, complete with 80-metre high towers offering fabulous views of the city. Take the time to stroll along the narrow and winding laneways leading to the square, admire the many historical and colourful buildings and soak up the character and charm along the way.
Explore the Old Town Square in Prague

2. Watch the Astronomical Clock

Whilst you’re in the Old Town Square, be sure to time your visit with the striking of the hour by the Astronomical Clock. Built in the 15th century, Prague’s Astronomical Clock, known as the Orloj is one of the best preserved medieval mechanical clocks in the world and attracts thousands of tourists every year. Not only does it tell the time, and the date, but it also shows astronomical and zodiacal information. When the clock strikes on the hour between 9am and 11pm, you can watch the procession of the Twelve Apostles pass by.
Watch the Prague Astronomical Clock on the hour in Prague's Old Town

3. Stroll across the Charles Bridge at dawn and dusk

Spanning the Vltava River, the 14th century Gothic Charles Bridge is an iconic landmark of Prague, lined with 30 beautiful Baroque sculptures of religious figures. For some of the best photos and to enjoy the peace and tranquillity of Prague before the street vendors set up, arrive at dawn to watch the sunrise and admire the glorious views. Of course, take the time to stroll along Charles Bridge during the day to soak up the vibrant atmosphere, and at night to admire the city’s lights.
Stroll across the Charles Bridge, Prague at sunrise and sunset

4. Prague Castle

As one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions, a visit to Prague is not complete without exploring Prague Castle. However, be prepared to spend a whole day here as Prague Castle is said to be one of the largest castles in the world, founded in the 9th century by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty. Covering more than seven hectares, this UNESCO World Heritage site is home to three courtyards, art galleries, magnificent gardens, elegant palaces and ecclesiastical buildings of Romanesque and Gothic styles. Visit some of the historical buildings including the Old Royal Palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, St. George’s Basilica, Bohemian Chancellery, Vladislav Hall and St. Wenceslas Chapel. Stroll along the Golden Lane, a pretty cobblestone street lined with 16th-century houses and watch the Changing of the Guards in the first courtyard at noon, complete with exchanging of flags and a trumpet call.
Visit the Prague Castle

5. Visit the baroque quarter of Mala Strana

Mala Strana known as the Lesser Quarter is positioned across the river from the Old Town. However, there is nothing lesser about this charming neighbourhood of Prague. Known for its beautiful Baroque and Renaissance architecture, stroll along the winding cobblestone streets and admire the ornate palaces, squares and gardens, alongside historic pubs and traditional restaurants and colourful pastel buildings. Marvel at the Church of Saint Nicholas, walk through Wallenstein Garden and pay tribute at the John Lennon Wall.
Stroll through Mala Strana in Prague

6. Explore Josefov, the Jewish Quarter

Perfectly positioned between the Old Town and the Vltava River, the Jewish quarter, called Josefov is a must visit on your Prague holiday. During the 13th century, Jews were forced to leave their homes and live within a walled ghetto. As new arrivals joined the Jews here, the area became even more crowded. To add to their hardship, many houses were destroyed during the 19th century to allow for remodelling of the city. In spite of this, a large number of significant historical buildings still remain today, including the Spanish Synagogue, Old-New Synagogue, and the Jewish Quarter Synagogues; an Old Jewish Cemetery home to more than 12,000 gravestones and the Jewish Museum.
Visit the Jewish Quarter and look for the Spanish Synagogue

7. Sample the Czech beer

Prague is renowned for its beer and it is claimed that the Czechs have the world’s best beer (pivo), as well as being the highest beer consumers per capita in the world. From beer gardens to traditional pubs, modern bars and microbreweries, there’s no shortage of places to enjoy a cold one. Known more for their light beers and lagers, be sure to try the Pilsner Urquell, Budweiser-Budvar and Kozel. The Strahov Monastery Brewery, located close to the Prague Castle has been brewing beer since the 13th century and is regarded as having the best beer in Prague, whilst the Prague Beer Museum is also worth a visit. On a warm day, why not head to Letna Park, home to one of the best beer gardens in Prague and enjoy a fine Czech beer whilst soaking up the sunshine.
Sample the Czech Beer in Prague

8. Petřín Hill

For spectacular views of the city, and some peace and quiet, head to Petřín Hill. Home to one of the greenest spaces in Prague, take a leisurely walk up the hill to the top or ride the funicular if you are feeling lazy. At the summit you can climb the 299 steps to the top of Petřín Tower, which looks like a miniature version of the Eiffel Tower for the best views of Prague. Afterwards, stroll through the beautiful Rose Garden, look inside the Štefánik Observatory, admire the Cathedral of St. Lawrence and for a bit of fun wander through the Mirror Maze.
Climb up Petrin Tower for incredible views over Prague

9. Prague Christmas Markets

If you find yourself visiting Prague in December, then the city is home to many festive Christmas markets worth exploring. The main Christmas markets are held in the Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square, with smaller markets at Republic Square and in front of St. George’s Basilica at Prague Castle. Take the time to browse the brightly decorated wooden stalls for local handicrafts, ornaments and traditional Christmas treats, whilst sampling the mulled wine and delicious Czech street food along the way.
Explore the Prague Christmas Markets

Visit Prague on these European Tours